Accessorial (AC)Accessorial Service - Service rendered by a carrier in addition to transportation services. (e.g. sorting, packing, precooling, heating and storage.)
Activity Based Costing (ABS)An accounting system that measures the cost and performance of specific activities performed within an organisation. For example, an ABC approach might measure the cost incurred by the accounts receivable department in handling calls for billing errors, whereas the traditional accounting approach ignores the activity and measures the cost of the accounts receivable department as a percentage of revenue.
All Inclusive (AI)All Inclusive
Any Quantity (AQ)A rating that applies to an item regardless of weight.
Artificial Tween Decks (ATD)Artificial Tween Decks Forty feet long, eight feet wide, one foot thick steel platform with hardwood flooring. Equipped with ten bullrings for securing oversized, heavy lift or wheeled cargo.
Assignment (AS)1. The transfer to another of one's own legal interests or rights. 2. Especially the transfer of property to be held in trust or to be used for the benefit of creditors. 3. The document by which such an interest or right is transferred
BaySection of vessel in which containers are held.
Bill of Lading (BL)Legal document signed by or for the captain/master, agents, owners of a vessel or the (common) carrier. It is written evidence of the contract of carriage by sea and/or by land. It is (1) A receipt of the goods (in the owner's/carrier's or his/their agent's custody) and (2) An undertaking to carry and deliver the goods safely to the place directed/agreed, dangers of the sea excepted, against (3) Surrender of the document where/when provisions in the document stipulate delivery to order of a named person, to order (blank) or to bearer 4) It evidences the terms of the contract of carriage.
Booking1. Act of recording arrangements for the movement/transportation of goods by vessel or other conveyance. 2. To express in advance a desire for something in order to reserve it e.g. transportation of goods. 3. Also known as a booking request.
Cargo Declaration Amendment Fee (CAM)A fee that covers re-submission of necessary information required by Customs due to an amendment request that is made by the customer after the carrier has submitted the documentation to local customs authorities. Import countries where this is applicable: - European Union - Norway - Switzerland - United States - Canada - Puerto Rico - Mexico
Container Cleaning Fee (CCL)This fee covers the additional costs for extra or special cleaning and is applicable when the container does not meet the standard cleanliness criteria (inside and outside) upon empty return from the customer. This service of additional cleaning of the container may also be triggered by a customer request. This charge is not applicable to shipper-owned containers.
Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF)
This is a compensatory cost-sharing measure to remove the carrier's risks associated with currency fluctuations. An overview of CAF calculations can be found here. The charge will apply to all bookings that are taken on these trade lanes. It is applicable primarily, but not limited, to European trades, e.g.: Europe - Far East Europe - Middle East/Red Sea/Indian Sub-Continent US to/from Europe
Dangerous Cargo ServiceThis fee covers the additional costs incurred by the carrier in the movement of Dangerous cargo from or to an inland location.
Additional costs consist of licenses, permits, and the carrier has to use specialized vendors with certifications that cost more.
This fee will be applicable to dangerous bookings where carrier inland haulage (export or import) has been requested by the customer.
Delivered Ex Ship (DES)For more information, see > www.iccwbo.org
Delivery(1) The physical and legal transfer of a shipment from consignor to carrier and from carrier/ transport agent to consignee.
(2) The act of putting property into the legal possession of another, whether involving the actual transfer of the physical control of the object from one to the other or being constructively effected in various other ways.
Delivery Duty Unpaid (DDU)For more information, see > www.iccwbo.org
Delivery Ex Quay (DEQ)For more information, see > www.iccwbo.org
Delivery OrderAn order from the consignee, shipper or owner of freight to a terminal operator, carrier or warehouse to deliver freight to another party. On imports, it may also be known as a pier release.
A document which is neither a bill of lading or a waybill but contains an undertaking which
(1) is given under or for the purposes of a contract for the carriage by sea of goods to which the document relates, or of goods which include those goods; and
(2) is an undertaking by the carrier to a person identified in the document to deliver those goods to that person which the document relates.
Delivery orders are capable of transferring contractual rights by way of endorsements, but they are not necessarily documents of title in the sense of being able to pass constructive possession.
Demand ChainAnother name for supply chain, with emphasis on the customer or party controlling demand.
DemurrageThis fee is applicable when the customer holds carrier equipment in the terminal for longer than the agreed amount of free time.
It can be incurred for both exports (early drop-off) and imports (late pick-up).
Export: Demurrage days are counted from gate-in (full) to container loading minus free days.
Import: Demurrage days are counted from container discharge to gate-out (full) minus free days.
Applicable to all containers that remain at a terminal location longer than agreed free time.
Detention Fee - ExportThis fee is applicable when the customer holds carrier equipment longer than the agreed amount of free time.
Export: Detention days are counted from pick-up empty to gate-in full minus free days.
This fee is applicable to all containers that remain in the customer’s possession longer than the agreed free time.
Not applicable for shipper owned containers.
*Applicable calculation methods may vary by country.
Detention Fee - ImportThis fee is applicable when the customer holds carrier equipment longer than the agreed free time.
Import: Detention days are counted from gate-out full to gate-in empty minus free days.*
This fee is applicable to all containers that remain in the customer’s possession longer than the agreed free time.
*Applicable calculation methods may vary by country.
Detention in Transit ServiceThe carrier has the ability to hold shipments at transhipment ports until further instructions are received from the customer.
This gives the customers the flexibility to delay the cargo arrival, when it assists them in their business.
Note: the carrier is unable to hold containers longer than 14 days unless the customer submits a written letter of indemnity to the carrier which states that the carrier will not be liable for any cargo damage not covered by Insurance during the extra detention period.
The DIT charge is applicable based on the request by the customer and subject to the carrier’s acceptance.
DifferentialAmount added or deducted from base rate to create a rate to or from some other point or via another route.
DistributionThe full range of activities and planning required to move a product from the production line to the end-user.
Distribution Requirements PlanningA system of determining demand for an inventory at distribution centres, consolidating the demand information backwards, and acting as input to the production and material system.
Diversion ChargeFee for diverting cargo from original intended destination port to a new location.
Dock ReceiptReceipt given for a shipment received or delivered at a pier or dock. When delivery of a foreign shipment is completed, the dock receipt is exchanged for a bill of lading with the transportation line.
Double Stack CarRail car capable of carrying two containers stacked on top of each other.
DraftMarine: The depth to which a vessel's deepest point is under water. Rail: A cut of coupled cars. Financial: A signed, written order by one party that instructs another party to pay a third party a specific amount. It can also be called a bill of exchange.
Drawback99% refund of imported or duty paid materials which are to be re-exported.
DrayageInland transportation from vendors to the port of shipment, and from discharge port to the point of stripping the ocean container. Drayage is hence undertaken for CY and CFS cargo.
Dry DockUsed to lay up vessels for repair.
DunnageMaterial used around cargo to prevent breakage or shifting, normally provided by shipper. Its weight is included in the rating.
Duty Drawback(1) Payment returned for cargo re-exported or trade show material.
(2) A customs refund on re-exported cargo.
EAN 8EAN barcodes are used when the country origin needs to be known. There are 8 digits in EAN 8, where the first two characters are used to define the country of origin, the next 5 are data, followed by the checksum. Both 2 and 5 digit supplementals are also supported.
EarningsIncome after a company's taxes and all other expenses have been paid. Also called profit or net income.
EIREquipment Interchange Receipt. A document used to receive or deliver a full or empty container/chassis at any terminal or inland container pool/depot.
Error List (EL)Report showing discrepancies (errors) in data input.
Feeder (F)Transportation conveyance utilised to relay cargo from the mother vessel to ultimate destination or from first receipt port to mother vessel.
Floating Cranes (FC)Heavy duty cranes that are able to handle exceptionally heavy cargo if unable to use conventional gantry cranes.
For-Hire Carriers (FHC)Persons or firms engaged in the transportation of goods or passengers for compensation. Classified into two general categories, specialised and general freight motor carriers.
Freight Bill (FB)Destination (Collect) Freight Bill: Prepaid Freight Bill. (1) Bill rendered by a transportation line to consignee containing description of freight shipper name, point of origin and weight charges (if not prepaid). (2) Bill rendered by a transportation line to shipper containing description of freight, consignee, destination and weight charges.
Freight Forwarder (FF)(1) Person engaged in assembling, collecting, consolidating shipping and distributing less than trailerload freight. (2) Also, a person acting as an agent in the transshipping of freight to or from foreign countries and clearing freight through federal customs.
Gantry Crane (G)Gantry Crane Port crane used to load and discharge containers from vessels, can be positioned by moving along rail tracks.
Handling CostsThe cost involved in transferring, preparing and otherwise contracting inventory.
HangertainerSpecialised container equipped with hanger beams for the purpose of stowing garments on hangers.
Harmless ChemicalsA cargo description, which is a contradiction of terms. A chemical is a substance and whether it is harmless or not, depends on the context in which the substance appears or is used. Maersk does not accept harmless chemicals as a valid cargo description on the shipping documents.
IMCO ClassificationInternational Maritime Control Organisation classification for hazardous cargo.
ImportsGoods and services which one country's residents purchase and transport from another country into their own country.
The Incoterms® rules are a globally-recognised set of standards, used worldwide in international and domestic contracts for the delivery of goods, brought together by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). They help traders avoid costly misunderstandings by clarifying the tasks, costs and risks involved in the delivery of goods from sellers to buyers. The Incoterms® rules are recognised by UNCITRAL as the global standard for the interpretation of the most common terms in foreign trade. Incoterms® 2020 have come into effect on 1 January 2020. All contracts made under Incoterms® 2000 and any other previous editions remain valid and parties to a contract for the sale of goods can agree to choose any version of the Incoterms® rules. However, it is recommended using the most current version of the rules, Incoterms® 2020. It is important to clearly specify the chosen version.
For more information, training and app, see: https://iccwbo.org/resources-for-business/incoterms-rules/
Independent Action (IA)A separate action taken by an individual member of a conference agreement to change rates or terms of carriage as laid out in the conference agreements.
Independent CarrierCarrier that is not a member of a shipping conference.
Inland CarrierTransportation company which hauls imports or exports between ports and inland points.
Document which assures the consignee that insurance is provided to cover loss or damage to the cargo while in transit. A certificate issued by an insurer to a shipper (or other party) as evidence that a shipment of merchandise is covered under a marine policy.
Integrated CarriersCarriers that have both air and ground fleets or other combinations, such as sea, rail and truck. They usually handle thousands of small parcels an hour.
Interleaved 2 of 5This is strictly a numeric barcode. Each encoded character is made up of five elements, two are wide and three are narrow. The number of characters to be printed must be an even number. If the number of characters to be printed is odd, a zero will be appended to the beginning of the code.
IntermodalCoordinated transport of freight, especially in connection with relatively long-haul movements, using any combination of freight forwarders, piggy-back, containerisation, air freight, assemblers, rail and road.
Intermodal Marketing Company (IMC)Consolidates container loads or piggyback trailers from several shippers and contracts with railroads for volume space.
International Freight ForwardersFreight torwarders that handle booking, paperwork and consolidation of exports.
International Maritime Control Organisation (IMCO)International Maritime Control Organisation. See IMO.
Inventory Carrying CostsGenerally, carrying costs or holding costs are financial measurements that calculate all the costs associated with holding goods in storage. It includes inventory-in-storage, warehousing, obsolescence, deterioration, spoilage and labour costs, as well as insurance and taxes.
Inventory TurnoverThe cost of goods sold, divided by the average level of inventory on hand. The ratio measures how many times a company's inventory has been sold during the year.
Inventory VelocityThe speed with which products move from receiving dock to shipping dock.
IPIInland Point Intermodal. Cargo moving via land from/to an inland point. See also Micro Bridge.
ISAInformation System Agreement. Leading organisation of ocean carriers that develops, promotes and implements electronic commerce solutions for the maritime industry.
IT(1) Immediate Transportation Entry: refers to an IT entry (U.S. Customs). Allows the cargo to move beyond the vessel entry point in bond for customs clearance at the destination named in the I.T. movement from one customs district to another, e.g. cargo entering the U.S. at Los Angeles destined for Chicago can move to Chicago before having a customs inspection. (2) Information Technology: A generic term for people or systems working toward business improvement.
ITIGGInternational Transport Implementation Guidelines Group.ITIGG is an international group of experts engaged in the development and implementation of UN/EDIFACT-standard messages for electronic trading in the transport industry. ITIGG is a subgroup of D4, the UN/EDIFACT Message Development Group for Transport. ITIGG develops recommendations which provide software developers with a series of simple, straightforward tools to assist in designing applications which can be used for trading electronically throughout the world, and to clarify the intentions of the designers of key UN/EDIFACT messages.
Joint RateA rate from a point located on one transportation line to a point on another transportation line which is published in a single tariff.
Jones ActSection 27 of the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, requiring that all shipments by water between ports in the United States (including Puerto Rico) be carried by U.S.-flag, be U.S.-built, and U.S.-crewed vessels.
Journal of Commerce (JOC)Journal of Commerce A trade publication. Trade transportation journal.
Just-In-Time (JIT)In this method of inventory control, warehousing is minimal or non-existent; the container is the moveable warehouse and must arrive "just in time," i.e. not too early and not too late.
Label CargoCargo, including all commodities, requiring a label according to the provisions of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code.
Land BridgeContainers moving from a foreign country by vessel, and then sent to an inland point in the U.S. or elsewhere by land transportation (rail or truck). See also MLB.
Less Than Container Load (LCL)Common term for an amount of goods to be shipped and which do not fill an entire container. Ocean rates for LCL are commonly higher on a per-unit basis than for a full container load. Thus, consolidation of several LCL loads from different places or shippers into a full container can save on costs.
Less Than Trailer Load (LTL)See ""Less Than Container Load"" (LCL).
Letter of Credit (LC)(1) Letter of agreement issued by a bank stating a foreign purchaser has established a line of credit in a seller's favour, and confirming that payment for goods will be made upon presentation of certain documents which are in agreement with terms on the letter of credit. (2) A letter addressed by a banker to a correspondent certifying that a person named therein is entitled to draw on him or his credit up to a certain sum. (3) A letter addressed by a banker to a person, to whom credit is given, authorising him to draw on the issuing bank or on a bank in his country up to a certain sum and guaranteeing to accept the drafts if duly made, also called commercial letter of credit, confirmed credit or confirmed letter of credit. Letters of credit may take various forms, represent various undertakings for various purposes and be subject to different conditions.
Line HaulMarine portion of a vessel's route covering the greatest distance, usually across an ocean (e.g. Singapore-Los Angeles).
LNG CarrierLiquified Natural Gas Carrier.
LogisticsThe management of freight and information throughout the total supply chain from the original raw material source to the ultimate consumer of the finished product, encompasing factories, assembly and packing plants, warehouses, distribution centres and retail outlets.
LongshoremanAlso known as stevedore.Worker who loads and unloads a ship. Terminal operator who is designed to facilitate the operation of loading and discharging vessels, as well as other terminal activities.
LTLong Ton1 Long Ton = 2,240 lbs
ManifestEntire listing of all cargo on board a vessel as required by the relevant local authorities e.g. customs. Same as cargo manifest.
Marks and NumbersThe identifying details on or of a package or the actual markings that appear on the packages.
Materials ManagementThe procurement, movement and management of materials and products from acquisition through to production.
Merchant Haulage ServiceService of coordinating 3rd party logistics services (Merchant Haulage arrangements) on behalf of the customer. This service is applied based upon the customer's request for the carrier to coordinate inland haulage on a merchant haulage Bill of Lading. The customer holds the contract with the haulage provider.The carrier can refuse to offer this service.
Metric Ton (MT)Metric Ton. 1 MT = 2,204.62lbs or 35.314 cft.
Mixed ShipmentShipment consisting of items described in and rated under two or more rate items within a tariff.
MLBAn abbreviation for Mini Land Bridge Containers moving from a foreign country by vessel, and then sent to an inland point in the U.S. or elsewhere by land transportation (rail or truck). See also Land Bridge.
Mother VesselMain ocean vessel in a liner service designated to move containers from set origin points to set destination ports/points on a regular basis.
MSI PlesseyThis barcode is a variable length barcode that can encode up to 15 numeric digits. Checksum generation is dependent on the value of the checksum parameter. The following table indicates the value of the checksum property and the type of checksum created. Setting, Description, 0, one modulus 10 checksum, 1, two modulus 10 checksums, 2, one modulus 11 checksum/one modulus 10 checksum.
Negotiable Bill of LadingSomething that can be negotiated, transferred or assigned from one person to another in return for equivalent value by being delivered either with endorsement (as of an instrument to order) or without endorsement (as of an instrument to bearer) so that the title passes to the transferee who is not prejudiced in his rights by any defect or flaw in the title of prior parties nor by personal defenses available to prior parties among themselves provided in both cases that the transferee is a bona fide holder without notice e.g. bills of lading, bills of exchange, promissory notes, and cheques that are payable to bearer or order are negotiable instruments, as are also, in some jurisdictions, some other instruments (as bonds, some forms of stock) i.e. negotiable paper/negotiable securities. "Negotiable" used analogously for "transferable" - see also negotiability/transferability.
Negotiating BankBank where a shipper negotiates documents or where documents are first presented, usually at country of origin.Also, often referred to as the advising bank.
NestedThree or more different sizes of the same item or commodity which must be enclosed, each smaller piece within the next larger piece, or three or more of the items must be placed one within the other so that the top item does not project above the lower item by more than 1/3 of its height.Nested Solid: Three or more of items must be placed on or inside the other, so that the external side surfaces of the top item is in contact with the internal side surfaces of the item below, and the top item does not project above the next lower item by more than 1/2 inch.
Neutral BodyInvestigating body designated by conference carriers to ensure that all regulations and rules are adhered to.
Non-Asset-Based Third Party ProvidersThird party providers who generally do not own assets, such as transportation and/or warehouse equipment.
Non-Negotiable Bill of LadingA document not made out "to order", but being a receipt and evidence of the contract of carriage, but which is not a document of title, e.g. a waybill and, in some jurisdictions (such as the USA), a (straight) consigned bill of lading.
Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC)Non-Vessel Operating Common CarrierCarrier offering an international cargo transport service through the use of underlying carriers and under their own rate structure in accordance with tariffs filed with the Federal Maritime Commission in Washington D.C.
Not Otherwise Enumerated (NOE)Not Otherwise Enumerated
Not Otherwise Stated (NOS)Not Otherwise Stated.
Notify PartyCompany/person who appears on the bill of lading or waybill to be notified when the cargo arrives at destination. Could be different from the consignee, but is often the actual receiver of the goods. A notify party has no particular rights (beyond the notification) under the bill of lading or waybill.
Origin Motor Terminal, Origin Rail Terminal, Destination Motor Terminal (OMT, ORT, DMT)Origin Motor Terminal, Origin Rail Terminal, Destination Motor Terminal. Location designated by a motor/rail carrier at origin/destination points where, the motor carrier or his authorised agent assembles, holds or stores an ocean carrier's containers and chassis; where loaded containers are received from shippers or their agents; where empty containers are delivered to shippers or their agents.
On Deck StowageCargo stowed on the deck of the vessel.
Service of providing inland import transportation to our customer's premises from the port of discharge. This offers the customer flexibility of door to door transportation.This service is applicable when the carrier provides inland transportation to the desired inland location, based on the request of the customer.
On-Time PerformanceThe proportion of time that a transit system adheres to its published schedule times within stated tolerances.
Open RatesRates established for each individual carrier. These rates are listed in a tariff list but may differ according to carrier.
Order CycleThis includes the time and the process involved from the placement of the order to the receipt of the shipment. It includes the following processes: Communicating the order, order processing, transporting the shipment.
Original Bill of Lading (OBL)Original bill of lading. See also Negotiable Bill of Lading.
Out of Gauge ServiceThe service is to handle and ship cargo that is "out-of-gauge". This is to provide the ability to ship cargo which exceeds the dimensions of standard containers by length, width, height and/or weight, but which still remains feasible for the carrier to handle as 'containerized cargo'. This fee is applicable to out of gauge shipments.
OutportDestination port, other than a base port, to which rates apply but which may be subject to additional outport arbitraries.
OutsourceTo hire a third-party provider to assume tasks previously performed in-house.
Over Landed(1) Cargo volume count more than originally shipped. (2) Cargo taken beyond original port of discharge.
Overland Common Port (OCP)A special rate concession made by shipping lines, rail carriers and truckers serving the U.S. West Coast for export and import traffic, intended to benefit midwest shippers and importers by equalising rates to and from other coastal areas, and offering these midwest companies a comparable alternative. The steamship companies lower their rates and the inland carriers pick up the terminal charges, which consist of handling charges, wharfage charges and car loading or unloading charges. OCP rates apply to cargo shipped from or consigned to the states of: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, New Mexico and all states east thereof. OCP rates in Canada apply to the provinces of: Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.
Packing ListList of packages for each shipment, showing individual breakdown in weights/measure and quantity.
PalletWooden structure used to support cargo and ease movement by forklifts.
Partlow ChartA chart that indicates the temperature reading in a reefer container.
Partnerships and AlliancesShippers and providers who enter into agreements designed to benefit both parties.
Per DiemOn a daily basis.
Physical DistributionAll logistics activities from the production line to the final user, including traffic, packaging, materials handling, warehousing, order entry, customer service, inventory control etc.
PierA structure built away from land and extending some distance over water, often used for docking boats. Also known as a wharf.
PiggybackThe transportation of highway trailers or demountable trailer bodies on specially equipped rail flat cars.
PilferageCargo stolen from the container, warehouse or terminal.
Plimsoll MarkDepth to which a vessel may safely load. Identified by a circle on the vessel's side with a vertical line through and a number of small horizontal lines showing the max depth for summer and winter.
PositioningThe moving of empty equipment from surplus areas to deficit areas.
POSTNETThe POSTNET barcode is used on envelopes and postcards that are sent through the U.S. Postal Service. This barcode is placed in the lower right-hand corner of the envelope.
Pre-Carriage (PRE - CARRIAGE)
Service of providing inland export transportation from our customer's premises to the port of loading. This offers the customer the flexibility of door to door transportation. This service is applicable when the carrier provides inland transportation from the desired inland location, based on the request of the customer.
Pre-Trip Inspection Service
A service arranged by the carrier to have a technician perform an extra check on temperature controlled containers to ensure that the unit is functional and ready to transport commodities at the required temperature settings. The inspection is performed before release of the empty container. This service is applied upon the customer's request and/or to certain types of commodities where it is mandatory to be applied in order to permit transport of the shipment.
Purchase OrderCommon grouping of orders for goods/services. Several SKU categories may be listed on one purchase order. Most customers group their orders in a particular way to facilitate distribution at the other end. For example, one purchase order for an apparel importer might encompass 2 dozen green sweaters and 2 dozen red sweaters. If those P.O.s originated from the same store, it is simple for the store to put all items under that P.O. onto the right truck.
Quality ControlThe systematic planning, measuring and control of a combination of people, materials, metrology and machines, with the objective of producing a product that satisfies the quality and profitability of the enterprise.
QuayA pier, wharf or other structure built along a shore for landing, loading and unloading boats or ships.
Quick Response (QR)A consumer-driven system of replenishment in which high-quality products and accurate information flow through a paperless (EDI) system between all distribution points from the manufacturing line to the retail checkout counter. Distributors, carriers and suppliers act as trading partners and focus on improving the total supply system.
QuitclaimA legal instrument used to release one person's right, title or interest to another without providing a guarantee or warranty of title.
RailheadLocation for loading and unloading containers at railroad terminal.
Rate AgreementGroup of carriers who discuss rates and common problems with options to file independent tariffs.
Received for Shipment Bill of LadingCan be issued on the carrier's actual receipt or taking custody of goods, if requested goods are not yet necessarily loaded on board a vessel or other conveyance. This form of bill of lading would usually be switched to an on board bill of lading or added as an on board notation upon the actual loading of goods on board a vessel or other conveyance.
Re-engineeringAn approach to improving business operations through reinventing, reevaluating, redesigning and redoing.
Register TonA unit of interior capacity of ships.1 Register Ton = 100 cubic feet or 2,832 cubic metres.Also known as vessel ton.
RelayMarine shipment that is transferred to its ultimate destination port after having been shipped to an intermediate point.
ReplenishmentThe process of moving the inventory of an item from a reserve storage location to the primary picking location or to another mode of storage in which picking is performed.
Return CargoCargo to be returned to original place of receipt.
Revenue TonNumber of tonnes which freight is paid for per ton.
Reverse LogisticsReverse Logistics is a rather general term. In its broadest sense, reverse logistics stands for all operations related to the reuse of products and materials. The management of these operations can be referred to as Product Recovery Management (PRM). PRM is concerned with the care of products and materials after they have been used. Some of these activities are, to some extent, similar to those occurring in the case of internal returns of defective items due to unreliable production processes. Reverse logistics refers however to all logistics activities the collection, disassembly and processing of used products, product parts and/or materials in order to ensure a sustainable (environmentally-friendly) recovery.
Ro-RoRoll on/Roll offVessel used for carrying cars and light trucks. Vehicles are driven on and driven off, as opposed to being loaded with cranes or other external equipment.
SeawaybillA type of bill of lading used for port-to-port or combined transport carriage. A waybill is identical to a negotiable bill of lading except that it is not a document of title. There are no originals issued for this type of document. In some jurisdictions, such as the USA, a waybill is deemed the equivalent of a (straight) consigned bill of lading. See also Waybill.
Service AgreementPrivate contracts between one or more carriers and one or more shippers to transport cargo between specified points under terms and conditions of carriage agreed and listed in the contract. It often allows for particular rates based on volume over a specified period of time. Also commonly known as a service contract.
Set PointSpecific temperature that a refrigerated container has been set to keep. Ideally, the set point and the actual temperature should be identical throughout the voyage.
Shipper1) Person who consigns something (e.g. the goods of an individual shipment). 2) Legal entity or person named on the bill of lading or waybill as shipper and/or who (or in whose name or on whose behalf) a contract of carriage has been concluded with a carrier. Also known as consignor.
Shipper PackedContents of containers as loaded (stuffed), stowed (packed/braced), weighed and/or counted by or for the shipper, usually a CY load.
Shipping OrderEquivalent of booking and contract of carriage evidencing the agreement to transport goods.
Ship's ChandlersSuppliers of various items to the vessel.
Short LandedCargo volume count (at delivery destination) less than originally shipped.
Short ShippedCargo missing a vessel that it was originally intended for.
Slot CharterA carrier's chartering of slots/spaces on other carrier's vessels.
SMDGUser Group for Shipping Lines and Container Terminals. SMDG develops and promotes UN/EDIFACT EDI messages for the maritime industry and is an official Pan European User Group recognised by the UN/EDIFACT Board.
Special Customs InvoiceAn official form usually required by U.S. Customs if the rate of duty is based upon the value, and the value of the shipment exceeds USD 500. This document is usually prepared by the foreign exporter or his forwarder and is used by customs in determining the value of the shipment. The exporter or his agent must attest to the authenticity of the data furnished.
Special RateRate established for a specified commodity for a specific period of time.
ST1 Short Ton = 2 000 lbs.
STCAbbreviation for Said To Contain.
StevedoreTerminal operator who is designated to facilitate the operation of loading and discharging vessels and various terminal activities. Also known as longshoreman.
Stock Keeping Unit (SKU)Smallest unit grouping for goods, normally indicating a single retail item. Usually, several SKUs will be under one purchase order.
Storage ChargeCharge for goods held in storage facilities (warehouses) under a fixed agreement for periods of time, and which is not included in other arrangement.
Service of providing inland import transportation to our customer's premises from the port of discharge. This offers the customer flexibility of door to door transportation. This service is applicable when the carrier provides inland transportation to the desired inland location, based on the request of the customer.
A service offered to the customer in which the carrier performs stripping (cargo unloading) or stuffing (cargo loading) of the customer's container at the port area. This service is applied based upon the customer request.
A service offered to the customer in which the carrier performs stripping (cargo unloading) or stuffing (cargo loading) of the customer's container at the port area.This service is applied based upon the customer request.
Supply ChainThe movement of materials and information through the logistics process from acquisition of raw materials to delivery to end-user. The supply chain includes all vendors, service providers and customers.
Supply Chain ManagementThe management and control of all materials and information in the logistics process from acquisition of raw materials to delivery to end-user.
SurchargesAdditional charges above ocean freight.See also Add-Ons.
SWIFTSociety for Worldwide Interbank Financial TelecommunicationA cooperative organised under Belgian law providing the following services to participating financial institutions: Letters of credit (opening and transmission), money transfers, payment security settlements. Other businesses participating in SWIFT are: Security brokers and delaters, clearing and depository institutions, security exchanges and travellers cheques issuers.
Switch Bill of Lading
This service is provided by the carrier to 'switch' transport documents (B/L's) to show new parties by issuing a 2nd set of documents. A 'switch' is used to prevent the shipper from being visible to the buyer and protects the interests of the cargo intermediary. The service is applicable upon the customer's request for this service.