What is forced labour?
Forced labour refers to situations in which individuals are coerced into working through the use of violence or intimidation, or by subtler means such as accumulated debt, the retention of identity papers or threats of denunciation to immigration authorities. 
Why this matters?
Using forced labour is considered a violation of human rights. Companies are expected to neither use nor contribute or link to forced labour.
In most countries, forced labour is forbidden by laws and regulations, for example:
- the UK Modern Slavery Act 
- the Californian Transparency in Supply Chains Act 
How - procedures to prevent forced labour
- Policy. Establish a company policy that prevents it and its suppliers from using or benefitting from forced labour.
- Training. Provide training to managers who have direct reports. These managers should understand the nature of all types of forced labour (e.g. locked rooms, compulsory overtime, detention of ID documents, the lodging of deposit or recruitment fees, etc.), and commit to circumvent practices that increase risks of forced labor.
- Employment. Provide a written contract (or letter) of employment to each employee. The contract should follow local labour legislation, be fair, and be understood by the employee prior to employment.
Example of a forced labour policy
“[Company Name] strictly prohibits the use of forced labour and human trafficking in all company operations and in our global supply chain.”
“This document demonstrates a commitment within [Company Name] to mitigate any risk of slavery or human trafficking in our operations or within the supply chain.”
“To support honesty and integrity we provide our staff with the opportunity to report any concerns they may have regarding slavery and human trafficking through a confidential whistleblower system.”
Click here to read the A.P. Moller - Maersk Modern Slavery Statement.
Download the Supplier Sustainability Guidance-pdf here